R and R Surveys and Data

As the pool of available and qualified candidates changes over time, CHCs should be aware of health professions workforce trends to guide their staff recruitment and retention policies.

American Hospital Association (AHA)
Health Provider Recruitment and Retention: Best Practices in Small or Rural Hospitals (2008)
This five page report provides recruitment and retention techniques utilized by 11 organizations in eight different states, and includes links to additional details about each program.

Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Center for Workforce Studies
The Complexities of Physician Supply and Demand: Projections Through 2025 (2008)
This 94 page report uses the most recently available data to project future supply and demand for physicians and concludes that a national shortage is likely driven by such factors as US population growth, aging population and doctors, and increased physician visits; the demand for doctors will outstrip the supply through at least 2025.

Bovbjerg and Ormond, Senior Researchers, Urban Institute’s Health Policy Center
Assuring Access to Care under Health Reform: The Key Role of Workforce Policy (2011)
This 15 page brief addresses four possible avenues for change that can help meet expected demand under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (increased supply of primary care physicians, increased efficiency of care provision, enhanced roles for other primary care clinicians, and system transformation), and the workforce policies that could contribute to their success.

California Access to Care Program
Improving Recruitment and Retention of Primary Care Practitioners in Rural California (2002)
This California Policy Research Center Issue Brief describes how federal and state programs attempting to increase the number of primary care practitioners in rural areas are perceived by rural primary care practitioners and administrators.

Community Health Association of Mountain/Plains States (CHAMPS)
Region VIII Health Center Medical Staffing and Productivity Expectations Reports (Biennial)
These reports include information on staffing ratios relating to Medical Provider and Medical Support employees, health center expectations for weekly hours, administrative vs. patient contact hours ratio, and completed visits for full-time Physicians, Nurse Practitioners, and Physician Assistants.

Community Health Association of Mountain/Plains States (CHAMPS)
Region VIII Health Center Recruitment and Retention Survey Report (2011)
This report provides an analysis of data collected in December 2011 from over 1,200 staff members from 94% of the Health Centers across Region VIII; it provides those Health Centers and the region’s Primary Care Associations (PCAs) with information vital to strengthening and enhancing successful recruitment and retention strategies already in place, and to developing new and innovative ways to support successful recruitment and retention of staff.

Community Health Association of Mountain/Plains States (CHAMPS)
Region VIII Health Center Salary, Benefits, Vacancy, and Turnover Report (Biennial)
This report allows an analysis of data from Region VIII Community, Migrant, and Homeless Health Centers, enabling these Health Centers to determine if their salary and benefits packages are competitive in comparison with similar organizations within the region while providing comparison data on regional workforce trends.

Community Health Association of Mountain/Plains States (CHAMPS)
Region VIII Job Opportunities Bank Data Comparison Report (Annual)
CHAMPS analyzes the information contained in the interactive Job Opportunities Bank annually to provide information about recruitment efforts and fill rates at CHCs throughout the region.

The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services
Policy Brief: Assessing the Need for On-Site Eye Care Professionals in Community Health Centers (2009)
Survey and report of health centers on barriers to evidenced-based vision services.

HealthLandscape
Med School Mapper
Medical school mapping program allowing users to gauge the role of medical schools in promoting and sustaining primary care access within states, regions, and localities.

Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine (JABFM)
Satisfaction of Family Physicians Working in Community Health Centers (2012)
This seven page report assesses the satisfaction of family physicians working in community health centers (CHCs) using a number of factors. The study analyzes the proportion of CHC and non-CHC physicians satisfied with residency training, choice of specialty, relationship with employer, relationship with partners, work hours, practice location and income.

National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC)
Fact Sheet: The Struggle to Build a Strong Workforce at Health Centers (2007)
This two page fact sheet addresses health center expansion, workforce shortages, federal and state workforce programs, and other attempts to address workforce shortages.

Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University
Access Transformed: Building a Primary Care Workforce for the 21st Century (2008)
This 40 page report estimates current staffing patterns and health centers’ clinical staffing needs at the national and state level in order to enable health centers to reach the ACCESS for All America goal of reaching 30 million patients total in 2015.

National Network for Oral Health Access (NNOHA)
Survey of Health Center Oral Health Providers: Dental Salaries, Provider Satisfaction, and Recruitment and Retention Strategies (2010)
This 40 page report is a result of a salary and retention survey of health center dentists and dental hygienists nationwide conducted through a partnership between NNOHA and Baylor College of Dentistry. (Warning: this file is large and may take a while to open.)

The Physicians Foundation
The Physicians’ Perspective: Medical Practice in 2008
Press release, Executive Summary, Key Findings, and full report and analysis for a 2008 survey examining the causes behind doctor dissatisfaction, the state of their practices, and the future of care.

Rural Health Research and Policy Centers
Satisfaction with Practice and Decision to Relocate: An Examination of Rural Physicians (2009)
This project tracked practice locations of a cohort of physicians identified during the early stages of their medical careers supplemented with information on the current practice locations of physicians in the cohort, and with data from a follow-up survey that also asked a battery of satisfaction questions identifying factors correlated with the decision to maintain a rural practice.

University of Washington Department of Family Medicine
Training Family Physicians in Community Health Centers: A Health Workforce Solution (2008)
This report details a study of CHC and non-CHC-trained family physicians, which found that training family physicians in CHCs meets the health workforce needs of the underserved, enhances the recruitment of family physicians to CHCs, and prepares family physicians similarly to their non-CHC trained counterparts.

Utah Medical Education Council
Utah’s Physician Workforce, 2012: A Study on the Supply and Distribution of Physicians in Utah (2012)
This report presents findings from a survey of all Utah licensed physicians to understand the characteristics and shortfalls of the local workforce, and also presents policy recommendations in the areas of pipeline development, recruitment & retention, workforce training development, and improved data collection.