Doctorate-Level Provider Pathway Resources

Health workforce pathways seek to expose interested individuals to health fields and to train staff throughout their careers. Doctorate-level pipeline programs are typically those that offer training for individuals in the process of obtaining clinical doctorate degrees (e.g., future and post-graduate physicians, dentists, pharmacists, psychologists, psychiatrists, etc.). These resources have been designed to help health centers and Primary Care Associations implement and improve programs for these staff, e.g., hosting residents in clinical training or fellowship programs, supporting current providers in their career development, etc.

Please click or scroll down for:
Region VIII Program Examples
Additional Program Examples
Academic Studies
Additional Online Resources


Family HealthCare
Medical Students and Educational Opportunities
A North Dakota health center that offers educational opportunities for physician assistant and medical school students.

Midtown Community Health Center
Internships and Employment Opportunities
This health center in Utah offers a family practice residency program through McKay Dee Hospital’s Porter Family Practice Residency Program. Scroll down the webpage to find the “Family Practice Residency Program” section.

Partnership Health Center
Education and Training
Partnership Health Center offers clinical student experiences/rotations and non-clinical rotations/internships for a variety disciplines in Montana.

Peak Vista Community Health Centers
Clinical Training/Education
This health center hosts a family medicine residency program in Colorado and provides additional learner opportunities such as clinical rotations and shadowing for middle school students all the way to graduate medical, dental, and behavioral health students.

RiverStone Health
Montana Family Medicine Residency; Dental Residency; Medical Student Rotations
A Montana health center and THCGME Program grantee that offers medical and dental residency programs and student rotation options.

Salud Family Health Centers
Dental Opportunities
This Colorado health center accepts 4th year dental students for one to six-week rotations and that acts as a training site for the NYU Langone Dental Residency Program.

Southwest Montana Community Health Center
Healthcare Student Training Opportunities
This Montana health center offers training for behavioral health/social work students, pharmacy students, medical students, dental students, and family medicine and pediatric residents. Scroll down the webpage to find the “Healthcare Student Training Opportunities” section.

Summit Community Care Clinic
Residents, Volunteers, Interns and Job Shadows
Summit Community Care Clinic offers four-week rural rotations for family medicine residents, pre-doctoral internships in psychology via the Colorado Psychology Internship Consortium, and behavioral health advanced practicum student and master’s internship placements. Scroll down the webpage to find the “Residents, Volunteers, Interns & Job Shadows” section.

University of Wyoming
Educational Health Center of Wyoming
A Region VIII health center that offers residency programs that strive to promote health professional education through quality health, dental, and other health-related services to citizens of Wyoming.

Valley-Wide Health Systems, Inc.
Alamosa Rural Training Track
A southern Colorado health center that offers a family medicine residency program.


A.T. Still University
Hometown Scholars
A program that encourages community health centers to endorse the applications of aspiring physicians and dentists who seek to improve the health of their communities.

Community Health Center, Inc.
Postdoctoral Psychology Residency Program
A postdoctoral psychology residency program in a health center that teaches residents the Patient-Centered Medical Home model.

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
National Health Service Corps (NHSC)
A loan repayment program with annual application cycles for qualified health providers, including physicians, dentists, psychologists, and others, serving in areas of the U.S. with limited access to care.

NHSC Rural Community Loan Repayment Program
A loan repayment program through the NHSC that supports providers working to combat the opioid epidemic in the nation’s rural communities; eligible disciplines include physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, pharmacists, and more.

NHSC Substance Use Disorder (SUD) Workforce Loan Repayment Program
A loan repayment program through the NHSC that supports the recruitment and retention of health professionals needed in underserved areas to expand access to SUD treatment; eligible disciplines include physicians, behavioral health professionals, pharmacists, and more.

Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education Program (THCGME)
The THCGME program was founded in 2011 to support the recruitment and retention of an economically, geographically, and racially/ethnically diverse primary care workforce. It supports the training of more than 700 residents in community-based settings across 23 states. Health centers that are eligible seek to expand or establish residency programs in the primary care fields of family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, psychiatry, geriatrics, and general and pediatric dentistry.

University of Washington (UW) School of Medicine
Office of Rural Programs
A division of the University of Washington School of Medicine Curriculum Office that offers multiple programs aimed at developing rural training opportunities to advance the rural physician workforce.

Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI) Medical State Education Program
A multi-state medical education program served by the University of Washington School of Medicine that offers clinical training in both urban and rural settings with an emphasis on primary care education.


Academic Medicine Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Developing a Pipeline for the Community-Based Primary Care Workforce and Its Leadership
A case study of a two-year program to develop physician and nursing leaders through mentorship in a health center. (September 2015)

Family Medicine Residency Training in Community Health Centers: A National Survey
An evaluation of a cross-sectional survey study striving to determine the scope and extent of family physician training occurring in health centers. (October 2010)

Regional Solutions to the Physician Workforce Shortage: The WWAMI Experience
A case study on the influence of University of Washington School of Medicine’s regional medical education expansion program to support recruitment and retention of rural workforces. (October 2006)

FQHC Associates
Teaching Hospitals and FQHCs Can Partner to Alleviate Community Healthcare Provider Shortages and Reduce Training Costs
A study that addresses how partnerships with Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) can help meet the demand for primary care physicians. (April 2017)

Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Family Medicine Residencies: How Rural Training Exposure in GME is Associated With Subsequent Rural Practice
A study on the training and placement of clinically active physicians, the amount of rural training received during residency, and subsequent rural work. (August 2022)

Fixing the Primary Care Pipeline: The Role of Teaching Health Centers
A study on the imbalance in the production of primary care physicians in the U.S. and the influence of the THCGME program on this workforce supply. (December 2013)


American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)
Med Student and Resident
Family medicine resources for medical students, residents, residency directors and coordinators, and pre-med and medical student educators.

American College of Physicians (ACP)
American College of Physicians
A community of internal medicine specialists offering education and career learning resources.

American Dental Association (ADA)
Education and Careers
A national dental association that provides dental student resources, licensure information, and career and dental school resources.

American Osteopathic Association (AOA)
American Osteopathic Association
A national osteopathic association with resources for student doctors, resident physicians, and practicing physicians.

American Pharmacists Association (APhA)
American Pharmacists Association
A national association of pharmacists that provides continuing education resources, career pathways and residency information, and post graduate opportunities.

American Psychiatric Association (APA)
American Psychiatric Association
A national association for psychiatrists that provides online training programs, fellowships, and mental health resources for residents and medical students.

American Psychological Association (APA)
Education and Psychology
An association for mental health professionals that provides pre-K to 12 education, undergraduate education, graduate and post-graduate education, and continuing education resources.

American Society of Health-System Pharmacies
Residency Building and Expansion Toolkit
A comprehensive step-by-step toolkit about creating a pharmacy residency program.

American Student Dental Association
American Student Dental Association
An organization that protects and advances the rights, interests, and welfare of dental students and shares resources on scholarships, mentorship, and application information.

California Primary Care Association
Community Health Center Residency Road Map
A compilation of peer network, education, and funding resources on community-based graduate medical education in California’s community health centers.

Creating a Robust and Innovative Faculty Development Program
A fourteen-part webinar series on cultivating community-based graduate medical education programs; learn more about training physician residents in health centers, health centers as sponsoring ACGME accreditation institutions, etc. (September 2019)

California Health Care Foundation
Preparing Physicians to Care for Underserved Patients: A Look at California’s Teaching Health Centers
An analysis of the six teaching health centers in the state of California funded under the THCGME program and their progress towards increasing the number of primary care physicians in underserved areas. (August 2016)

Education Health Center Initiative (EHCI)
Education Health Center Initiative
A partnership between CHAMPS and Northwest Regional Primary Care Association (NWRPCA) to offer consulting services to health centers on how to develop their own residency programs.

Developing a Grow Your Own Workforce Strategy Residencies and Beyond
A recording from the CHAMPS/NWRPCA Fall 2020 Primary Care Conference about grow-your-own programs.

Education Health Center Guide
A guide for health centers considering developing primary care residency programs using traditional Graduate Medical Education (GME) or Teaching Health Center GME (THCGME) funding. (Update released March 2020)

Health Affairs
A State-Based Strategy for Expanding Primary Care Residency
An article about leveraging state Medicaid funds and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) to address the national shortage of primary care residency slots. (July 2015)

Mega Teaching Health Centers: A New Model to Power CHCs
An article that explores a proposed teaching health center expansion model to address the workforce pipeline and enable health centers to serve more lower-income Americans. (October 2016)

National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC)
Educational health Centers: Teaching and Learning in the Community
A 2015 guide to educational health centers, best practices, and lesson learned.  

Ohio Primary Care Workforce Initiative
OPCWI User Manual
A 2019 training manual to learn about an initiative to expose health professional students to Patient Centered Medical Homes by providing training and technical support for preceptors within Ohio health centers.

University of California (UC) Davis School of Medicine
Collaborating to Strengthen Health Careers Pipelines at UC Davis
Five teams present on building linkages between community colleges and medical schools, reconstructing a Saturday academy mentorship program for high schoolers, chartering a course for diversity and inclusion at a nursing school, re-shaping advising programs, and mapping the linkages among health career pathway programs.

Weitzman Institute
Implementing Post-Graduate Residency Training Programs
A compilation of resources and past webinar slides that address nurse practitioner, postdoctoral clinical psychology, and integrated primary care provider residency training programs.

Strategies for Sustaining your Health Professions Student Training Through COVID-19
A past slideshow that discusses student capacity, onboarding, and more during COVID-19.