CHC Terms and Acronyms

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Click HERE for a glossary of acronyms commonly used in Outreach and Enrollment.
Click HERE for a glossary of Quality Improvement terms and acronyms.
Click HERE for a glossary of terms and acronyms compiled by the Colorado Health Institute.
Click HERE to download a list of HRSA Health Program Terms and Definitions.

329/330/340 Projects Clinics funded under Sections 329 (Migrant Health Centers), 330 (Community Health Centers) and 340 (Homeless Health Centers) of the U.S. Public Health Service Act.
AAAHC Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care (“Triple A H C”, one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation)
AACN American Association of Critical Care Nurses or American Association of Colleges of Nursing
AACOM Association of American Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
AAEP American Academy of Emergency Psychiatry
AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians
AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges
AANP American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
AAP American Academy of Pediatrics
AAPA American Academy of Physician Assistants
AAPCHO Association of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations
AAPD American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
ACA Affordable Care Act
ACEP American College of Emergency Physicians
ACF Administration for Children and Families (HHS)
ACL Administration for Community Living (HHS)
ACHI Association for Community Health Improvement
ACO Accountable Care Organization – An umbrella organization that combines primary care physicians, specialists, and hospitals in an attempt to coordinate care and reduce unnecessary costs.
ACOG American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Actual Charge The amount a physician or other practitioner actually bills a patient for a particular medical service or procedure. This may differ from the customary, prevailing and/or reasonable charge as recognized by Medicare and other insurance programs.
ACU Association of Clinicians for the Underserved
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act (U.S. Department of Labor); also American Dental Association, American Diabetes Association, American Dietetic Association.
AHEC Area Health Education Center
AHNA American Holistic Nurses Association
AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HHS) – Conducts and supports research, demonstration projects, evaluations, training, guideline development, and the dissemination of information on health care services and on systems for the delivery of such services.
AMA American Medical Association
AMCHP Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs
AMSA American Medical Student Association
ANA American Nurses Association
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AoA Administration on Aging (HHS)
AOA American Osteopathic Association
APCA Alaska Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Alaska.
APhA American Pharmacists Association
APHA American Public Health Association
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
ASFR Office of the Assistant Secretary for Financial Resources (HHS)
ASH Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (HHS)
ASG Assistant Surgeon General
ASHP American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
ASL Office of the Assistant Secretary for Legislation (HHS), or American Sign Language
ASPA Office of the Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs (HHS)
ASPE Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (HHS)
ASPR Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (HHS)
Assignment of Benefits An agreement in which a patient assigns to another party, usually the provider of the service, the right to receive payment from a third party for the service the patient has received. In Medicare, if a physician agrees to accept assignment, s/he must agree to accept the program payment as payment in full (except for coinsurance, co-payment and deductible amount required of the patient).
ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (HHS)
AUCH Association for Utah Community Health – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Utah.
BBA Balanced Budget Act
BCRR Bureau of Health Care Delivery and Assistance Common Reporting Requirements – A uniform set of tables, data elements and definitions pertaining to the operational, financial and administrative management of the program, which programs were required to complete annually prior to 1996.
BHW Bureau of Health Workforce (HRSA) – Helps America build a health workforce prepared and eager to improve the public health by expanding access to quality health services and working to achieve health equity.
BOD Board of Directors
BPHC Bureau of Primary Health Care (BPHC) – Provides national leadership in assessing the Nation’s health care needs of underserved populations and in assisting communities to provide primary health care services to the underserved in moving toward eliminating health disparities. A major program component is the Consolidated Health Center Program.
BPI Business Process Improvement
BPR Budget Period Renewal
CA Cooperative Agreement
CACHIE Colorado Associated Community Health Information Exchange
CAH Critical Access Hospital
CAN Common Accounting Number
CBHAN Colorado Behavioral Health Advisory Network – A forum organized by CCHN for Colorado CHC staff engaged in behavioral health integration to improve behavioral health services through collaboration and best practice sharing. CBHAN’s mission is to inform and collaborate with all CCHN sections and its BOD on the status of behavioral health integration and its impact on Colorado CHCs, and to identify strategic priorities.
CC Commissioned Corps – The PHS Commissioned Corps is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
CCAN Colorado Clinical Advisory Network – CCHN’s clinical network, which serves as a section of the Board of Directors. Consists of Medical/Clinical Directors from the 329, 330, and 340 programs in Colorado.
CCHN Colorado Community Health Network – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Colorado.
CCMCN Colorado Community Managed Care Network – The organization consisting of and representing the C/MHC partners in the Medicaid HMO called Colorado Access.
CD Capital Development
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Responsible for disease prevention and control, environmental health, health education, and many other activities.
CDHN Colorado Dental Health Network – CCHN’s dental network, which serves as a section of the Board of Directors. Consists of Dental Directors, and other dental staff, from Colorado’s 329, 330, or 340 projects, and other organizations that provide dental services to the underserved population.
CEHRT Certified Electronic Health Record Technology – As certified by the ONC.
CEU Continuing Education Unit
CFBNP Center for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (HHS)
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CHAD Community HealthCare Association of the Dakotas – The primary care association representing health centers in the states of North Dakota and South Dakota.
CHAMPS Community Health Association of Mountain/Plains States – The Region VIII Primary Care Association representing health centers in the states of Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming.
CHAMPS Community Health Center and Academic Medical Partnerships
CHC Community Health Center – A community-based health care facility that provides prevention-oriented primary care services in medically underserved areas. Grant support is received from the federal government under Section 330 of the U.S. Public Health Service Act (sometimes these centers are referred to as “330s”).
CHIP Children’s Health Insurance Program
CHPFS Community Health Partners for Sustainability
CIHS Center for Integrated Health Solutions (SAMHSA/HRSA)
CIO Chief Information Officer
CIP Capital Improvement Project
CIP Capital Improvement Program – A category of HRSA ARRA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program
CIS Change in Scope
CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment
Clinical Measures Workbook A federally-developed document delineating mandated (primarily health promotion and disease prevention) services to be delivered to groups of individuals, as defined by Lifecycles. CHAMPS has a copy available in its Resource Library for members to borrow.
Clinical Network Network of clinicians working in community, homeless and migrant health centers, often affiliated with a state, regional and/or national association.
CME Continuing Medical Education
C/MHCs Community and Migrant Health Centers
CMHC Community Mental Health Center
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, previously called Health Care Financing Administration (HHS)
CNM Certified Nurse Midwife
COB Close of Business
CODAN Colorado Operations Directors Advisory Network – A peer network organized by CCHN whose mission is to support Colorado CHCs’ health care operations through education, training, and networking opportunities and to act as an advocate for operational issues to the CCHN BOD.
Co-insurance Under a health insurance policy, a cost-sharing requirement which provides that the insured will assume a portion or percentage of the costs of covered services. The health insurance policy provides that the insurer will reimburse a specified percentage (usually 80%) of all, or certain specified covered medical expenses in excess of any deductible amounts payable by the insured. The insured is then liable for the remaining percentage of the costs, until the maximum amount payable under the insurance policy, if any, is reached.
Colorado Access The Colorado HMO consisting of several C/MHCs (represented by CCMCN), Denver Health and Hospitals, University Hospital, and The Childrens’ Hospital, as well as many local hospitals and specialty providers in Colorado.
Compliance Manual The Health Center Program Compliance Manual; a HRSA/BPHC resource to assist health centers in understanding and demonstrating compliance with Health Center Program and Federal Torts Claims Act (FTCA) program requirements.
Co-payment A term describing patient financial responsibility under a plan wherein the insured pays a specified flat amount per unit of service, e.g., $2/visit, with the insurer paying the balance of the approved cost. The co-payment is incurred at the time the service is rendered. The amount paid does not vary with the cost of the service (usually does vary with the type of service), unlike coinsurance which is based upon a percentage of the cost.
COPC Community Oriented Primary Care – A combined primary care and public health approach to identifying and meeting the health needs of a community.
A method of payment, different from fee-for-service, delivered to patients. In cost-related reimbursement systems, the amount of the payment is based on the cost to the provider of delivering the service. The actual payment may be based on any of several different formulae, such as full cost, full cost plus an additional percentage, allowable costs, or a fraction of costs. Examples of cost-based reimbursement systems include the Rural Health Clinics Act (RHCA), the Federally Funded Health Center Act (FFHC), and the Federally Qualified Health Center Act (FQHC).
CPAB Clinical and Professional Activities Branch
CPE Continuing Professional Education
CQI Continuous Quality Improvement – A methodology, which, when properly implemented, insures a constant elevation in the level of services being provided.
CQM Clinical Quality Measures – A component of the CMS EHR Incentive Program (Meaningful Use), includes tools to measure or quantify healthcare processes, outcomes, patient perceptions, and organizational structure and/or systems associated with providing high-quality health care and/or related to one or more quality goals for health care.
CSD Central Southeast Division (BPHC)
CY Calendar Year
DAB Department Appeals Board (HHS)
DDS Doctor of Dental Surgery
Deductible The expense that an insured party must incur before an insurer will assume any liability for all or part of the remaining cost of covered services.
DFI Division of Financial Integrity (HRSA)
DGMO Division of Grants Management Operations (HRSA)
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services – DHHS is a cabinet level department, responsible for ACF, AHQR, AoA, ASTDR, CDC, CMS, FDA, HRSA, IHS, NIH, PSC, and SAMHSA.
DMD Doctor of Dental Medicine (Dentariae Medicinae Doctor)
DO Doctor of Osteopathy
DrPH Doctor of Public Health
DSLR Division of Scholarships and Loan Repayment – DSLR is responsible for the administrative aspects of the NHSC Scholarship Program and Loan Repayment Program.
EDA Early Decision Alternative – A scholarship obligor matching before the EDA deadline has the freedom to choose from any available HPOL site.
EDR CCHN’s Executive Director Roundtable
EEO/EOE Equal Employment Opportunity/Equal Opportunity Employer
EEOC U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EHB Electronic Handbook – HRSA’s web portal for submitting grant-related information and reports.
EHCI Education Health Center Initiative
EHR Electronic Health Records – A systematic collection of electronic health information about an individual patient.
EMC Expanded Medical Capacity – A category of HRSA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program.
EMR Electronic Medical Records (System); see also EHR
Encounter A contact between a patient and a health care provider (face-to-face).
EPSDT Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment
FDA Food and Drug Administration (HHS) – Oversees the safety and inspection of foods, drugs, medical devices and cosmetics.
FFR Federal Financial Report
FIP Facility Investment Program awards
FJ Farmworker Justice
FLEX Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Grant Program
FLRP Faculty Loan Repayment Program
FLSA Fair Labor Standards Act (U.S. Department of Labor)
FMLA Family Medical Leave Act (U.S. Department of Labor)
FNP Family Nurse Practitioner
FO Field Office – The federal office, located in one of ten regions in the country, having primary responsibility for National Health Service Corps assignees, community health centers, migrant health centers, homeless health centers, clinical networks, state primary care associations, regional primary care associations and other grant-funded activities.
FOA Funding Opportunity Announcement
FORHP Federal Office of Rural Health Policy (HRSA)
Form 5A UDS Form 5A (Services)
Form 5B UDS Form 5B (Sites)
Form 5C UDS Form 5C (Other Activities)
FP Family Planning or Family Physician
FPL Federal Poverty Level
FQHC Federally-Qualified Health Centers – Those centers that receive cost-based reimbursement for services delivered to patients who qualify for Medicaid or for Medicare. In order to qualify, a clinic must receive federal funds or meet other criteria.
FQHC LA Federally-Qualified Health Center Look-Alike; see also LAL
FRP Financial Recovery Plan
FSR Financial Status Report
FTCA Federal Tort Claims Act – The provision in law under which federal employees (or other named parties) receive their professional liability coverage from the US government; available to NHSC providers, and providers who work in 329, 330, and 340 programs.
FTE Full-Time Equivalent
FY Fiscal Year
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
GME Graduate Medical Education
GMO Grants Management Officer
GMS Grants Management Specialist
GSA General Services Administration – This is essentially the procurement agency for the government. Anything you want purchased must be approved by this agency first.
HAB HIV/AIDS Bureau (HRSA) – Administers the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program for people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS who do not have sufficient health care coverage or financial resources for coping with the disease.
HC Health Center; see also CHC and FQHC
HCCN Health Center Controlled Networks – HCCNs improve operational effectiveness and clinical quality in health centers by providing management, financial, technology and clinical support services. The networks are controlled by and operate on behalf of HRSA-supported health centers. Each network comprises at least three collaborating organizations.
HCH Healthcare for the Homeless/Homeless Health Center – A health care entity that provides care to the homeless, funded under Section 340 of the US Public Health Service Act. (Sometimes referred to as “340s”.)
HCQR Health Center Quarterly Report (ARRA)
HDC Health Disparities Collaboratives
Health Care Plans Written plans, developed by clinicians, which respond to the health promotion/disease prevention needs (Clinical Outcome Measures) of the Lifecycles.
HHS (U.S. Department of) Health and Human Services; see also DHHS
HIE Health Information Exchange – HIE is defined as the mobilization of healthcare information electronically across organizations within a region, community or healthcare system. HIE provides the capability to electronically move clinical information among disparate health care information systems while maintaining the meaning of the information being exchanged. The goal of HIE is to facilitate access to and retrieval of clinical data to provide safer, more timely, efficient, effective, equitable, patient-centered care.
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HIT Health Information Technology
HMO Health Maintenance Organization
HOP Health Outreach Partners
HP/DP Health promotion/disease prevention (referred to as “hip-dip”).
HPOL HPSA Placement Opportunity List – A prioritized list of Health Professional Shortage Area sites eligible for NHSC assistance to insure the equitable distribution of NHSC providers to needy areas.
HPSA Health Professional Shortage Area – A region of the country, or a defined population group; where, through the utilization of specific criteria, a deficiency of medical, dental, and/or mental health services has been identified; graded on four levels: I, II, III, and IV.
HRAN Human Resources Advisory Network – A forum of Human Resources professionals at Colorado CHCs organized by CCHN to network, share common challenges, exchange best practices, improve policies and processes, and recognize HR departments as vital strategic partners in the leadership of CHCs.
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration (HHS) –The primary federal agency for improving health care to people who are geographically isolated, economically or medically vulnerable.
HSB Healthcare Systems Bureau (HRSA) –Protects the public health and improves the health of individuals through programs providing national leadership and direction in targeted areas including organ donation/transplantation, cell transplantation, poison control, 340B drug pricing, injury compensation, and Hansen’s disease (leprosy).
HTN Healthcare Technology Network – Organized by CCHN; promotes networking and best practice sharing among Colorado CHCs’ IT Directors and provides guidance for CACHIE projects.
HVA Hazard Vulnerability Assessment (Tool)
HWC Health Workforce Connector – Online job bank operated by HRSA to connect NHSC and NURSE Corps scholarship and loan repayment recipients with careers in HPSAs.
IDS Integrated Delivery Systems
IDS Increased Demand for Services – A category of HRSA ARRA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program
IFCHC International Federation of Community Health Centres
IHI Institute for Healthcare Improvement
IHS Indian Health Service (HHS) – Responsible for the health care needs of Native Americans and Alaska Natives, which includes maintaining clinics and hospitals, improving sanitation and water supply systems, sponsoring disease prevention programs, and performing clinical research.
IOS Immediate Office of the Secretary (HHS)
IPCA Idaho Primary Care Association – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Idaho.
ISDI Integrated Service Delivery Initiative
Joint Commission/ JCAHO Joint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Hospitals and healthcare facilities must be accredited by this organization every two years in order to be eligible for federal funding programs such as Medicare and Medicaid and other insurance programs (one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation).
LAL (Health Center Program) Look-Alike Health Center – Clinics that operate and provide services consistent with Health Center Program requirements. Look-alikes do not receive Health Center Program funding, but are eligible to apply to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for reimbursement under FQHC Medicare and Medicaid payment methodologies, purchase discounted drugs through the 340B Federal Drug Pricing Program, receive automatic Health Professional Shortage Area designation, and may access National Health Service Corps providers.
LEP Limited English Proficiency
LGBTQIA Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Queer Intersex Asexual
Lifecycles A concept dividing the population into the following groups: perinatal, pediatric, adolescent, adult, geriatric and special populations (e.g., HIV+, Native Americans, Homeless). Health Care Plans are developed in response to the needs of these groups.
LRPB Loan Repayment Programs Branch – One of three branches of the Division of Scholarships and Loan Repayments.
MAI Management Assessment Item
MAPPS Media, Access, Point of Purchase/Promotion, Pricing, and Social Support and Services
MAT Medication Assisted Treatment
MCHB Maternal and Child Health Bureau (HRSA) – Provides national leadership, in partnership with key stakeholders, to improve the physical and mental health, safety and well-being of the maternal and child health (MCH) population.
M/CHCs Migrant and Community Health Centers
MCN Migrant Clinicians Network
MCO Managed Care Organization
MD Doctor of Medicine (allopathic)
Medicaid A federal/state funded program (also known as medical assistance), operated by the state, which provides medical benefits for certain low-income persons.
Medicare A nationwide health insurance program for people over 65, and for persons eligible for social security disability payments.
MGMA Medical Group Management Association
MHA Master of Health Administration
MHC Migrant Health Center – A health-care facility that provides prevention-oriented primary care services to migrant and seasonal farm workers and their families; funded under Section 329 of the US Public Health Service Act (sometimes referred to as “329s”).
MHP Migrant Health Promotion
MIS Management Information System
MLP Medical-Legal Partnership
MOA/MOU Memorandum of Agreement/Understanding
MPCA Montana Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Montana.
MPCN Mountain/Plains Clinical Network – The association of Region VIII clinicians working in CHCs in Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. MPCN is a program of the regional primary care association, CHAMPS.
MSAW Migratory and Seasonal Agricultural Worker – New preferred term for MSFW.
MSFW Migrant and Seasonal Farmworker; see MSAW
MSO Management Services Organization
MU Meaningful Use – Refers to Medicare and Medicaid Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Programs, administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), in which eligible health care providers and hospitals have the opportunity to receive significant incentive payments for adoption and meaningful use of certified EHRs.
MUA Medically Underserved Area – A geographic location that has insufficient health care resources to meet the needs of the population.
MUP Medically Underserved Population – A group of individuals having insufficient health resources available to them to meet their needs (the population may or may not be located within an MUA).
MYA Mid-Year Assessment
NACHC National Association of Community Health Centers – The national association that represents community, migrant and homeless health centers.
NACCHO  National Association of City and County Health Officers
NAM   North American Management
NAP   New Access Point – A category of HRSA grants which may be awarded through the Consolidated Health Center Program.
NASBHC   National Assembly on School-Based Health Care
NASW  National Association of Social Work
NCD   National Central Division (BPHC)
NCFH  National Center for Farmworker Health
NCH  National Coalition for the Homeless
NCHS  National Center for Health Statistics
NCI  National Cancer Institute
NCQA  National Committee for Quality Assurance (one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation)
NDA  Notice of Deeming Action (with FTCA)
NED  Northeast Division (BPHC)
NELRP  Nursing Education Loan Repayment Program
NGA  Notice of Grant Award or National Governors’ Association
NHAS  National HIV/AIDS Strategy
NHCHC  National Health Care for the Homeless Council
NHDP  National Hansen’s Disease Program (BPHC)
NHSC  National Health Service Corps – A federal program offering scholarships and loan repayment to clinical providers, and technical assistance to communities; their mission is to assist in the development, recruitment and retention of community-responsive, culturally competent primary care providers in order to serve people in health professional shortage areas (HPSAs).
NHSC LRP  National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program
NHSC SP  National Health Service Corps Scholarship Program
NIA  National Institute on Aging
NIH  National Institutes of Health (HHS) – Conducts health-related research both directly and through the provision of grants to other organizations.
NIOSH  National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
NLM National Library of Medicine
NMWC National Migrant Workers Council
NNOHA National Network for Oral Health Access
NOA Notice of Award
NOFOA Notice of Funding Opportunity Announcement
NOSORH National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
NP Nurse Practitioner
NPDB National Practitioner Data Bank
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NRHA National Rural Health Association
NTTAP   National Training and Technical Assistance Partner – HRSA establishes NTTAP Cooperative Agreements with organizations to provide national T/TA to potential and existing section 330 funded health centers.
NWRPCA Northwest Regional Primary Care Association – The Region X Primary Care Association representing health centers in the states of Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
OAA Office of the Associate Administrator (BPHC)
OAFM Office of Administration and Financial Management
OAM Office of Administrative Management (BPHC)
OASH Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (HHS)
OC Office of Communications
OCR Office for Civil Rights (HHS)
OTCO Office of the Chief Technology Officer (HHS)
ODOM Office of Data and Organizational Management (HRSA)
O&E Outreach & Enrollment (for health insurance)
OEOCR Office of Equal Opportunity and Civil Rights
OFAM Office of Federal Assistance Management
OGA Office of Global Affairs (HHS)
OGC Office of General Counsel (HHS)
OGH Office of Global Health (HRSA)
OGM Office of Grants Management
OHE Office of Health Equity (HRSA)
OHITQ Office of Health Information Technology and Quality (BPHC)
OIEA Office of Intergovernmental and External Affairs (HHS)
OIG Office of the Inspector General (HHS)
OIHA Office of International Health Affairs
OIT Office of Information Technology
OL Office of Legislation
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OMH Office of Minority Health
OMHA Office of Medicare Hearings and Appeals (HHS)
ONAP Office of National AIDS Policy
ONC Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (HHS)
ONHS Office of Northern Health Services (BPHC)
OO Office of Operations (HRSA)
OPAE Office of Planning, Analysis and Evaluation (HRSA)
OPCA Oregon Primary Care Association – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Oregon.
OPDIV Operating Division
OPPD Office of Policy and Program Development (BPHC)
OPR Office of Performance Review
OQI Office of Quality Improvement (BPHC)
ORHP Office of Rural Health Policy (HRSA)
ORO Office of Regional Operations
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (U.S. Department of Labor)
OSHS Office of Southern Health Services (BPHC)
OSPH Office of Special Population Health (BPHC)
OSBO Office of Strategic Business Operations (BPHC)
OSV Operational Site Visit
OTC Over the Counter
OTTAC Office of Training and Technical Assistance Coordination (BPHC)
OWH Office of Women’s Health (HRSA)
PA Physician Assistant, or Public Affairs
PAC Progressive Action Condition
PACE Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly
PAL Program Assistance Letter
PAO Program Approving Official
PAR Program Analysis and Recommendation
PCA Primary Care Association – A state (SPCA) or regional (RPCA) nonprofit organization, federally-funded, representing the interests of its members (primarily community and migrant health centers) and the patients served by its members.
PCER Primary Care Effectiveness Review
PCMH Patient-Centered Medical Home – A model of primary health care that puts the patient at the center of the model and also includes: access to care; comprehensive care; coordinated care; evidence-based care; payment structures that value primary care; quality care; safe care; systems-based approach to care; and team-based care.
PCO Primary Care Office
PCSA Primary Care Service Area
PD Position Description
PDSA Cycle A structured trial of change which includes four phases: plan, do, study, and act; the PDSA cycle will naturally lead to the “plan” component of a subsequent cycle.
PEERS Patient Experience Evaluation Report System
Performance Measures Clinical and Financial Performance Measures data that each recognized Health Center Program organization must report via the Uniform Data System (UDS) annually, addressing quality of care, health outcomes/disparities, and financial viability/costs.
PHPC Public Housing Primary Care
PHS (United States) Public Health Service
PIN Policy Information Notice
PMM Project Management Module (EHB)
PMS Payment Management System
PMS Practice Management System
PO Project Officer
POP Principles of Practice – A document completed annually by all federal NHSC assignees, which describes the scope and location of their practices. The POP is negotiated between the assignee and his/her project and provides the basis for the assignee’s federal malpractice (tort) coverage.
PPA Private Practice Assignment – A type of NHSC assignment. The PPA professional is employed by, and subject to the personnel system of, the nonprofit private or public entity (the Entity) to which they are assigned. The salary and benefits are paid by the Entity.
PPACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
PPO Private Practice Option – A type of NHSC assignment. The PPO professional conducts full-time private practice in an approved HPSA or Preferred Provider Organization.
PPS Prospective Payment System – Through CMS, the methodology and payment rates relating to Medicare Part B; based on a national rate which is adjusted based on the location of where the services are furnished, which is increased when a patient is new to the FQHC, or an Initial Preventive Physical Exam (IPPE) or Annual Wellness Visit (AWV) is furnished.
PR Payment Reform
Project Officer The federal employee having primary responsibility for a project or group of projects (referred to in some regions as Project Management Consultant).
Program Requirements The 18 key requirements a health center is required to meet as a condition of being a recognized Health Center Program organization, within four areas: Need, Services, Management and Finance, and Governance.
PSC Program Support Center (HHS)
PSO Provider Sponsored Organization
QA Quality Assurance – A process used to assure that care being rendered meets individual clinic goals, as well as meeting community standards.
QI Quality Improvement – A formal approach to the analysis of performance and systematic efforts to improve it; various methods/models of QI include: total quality management (TQM), continuous quality improvement (CQI), Six Sigma, LEAN, and more; all QI models are aimed at improving performance; in health care, improving performance can result in a reduction of medical errors, morbidity, and mortality, and lead to improved quality of life for patients and communities.
QM Quality Management
Quadruple Aim The Triple Aim, with the added goal of improving the work life of health care providers.
RAC Rural Assistance Center
REC Regional Extension Center
Regional Clinical Consultant The clinician, within the HRSA Field Office, having primary responsibility for clinical affairs within the Region.
RHA Regional Health Administrator – Oversees DHHS activities within his/her region. The United States is divided into 10 regions for the administration of DHHS programs.
RHC Rural Health Clinic/Center – A clinic located in a rural area that receives cost-based reimbursement, under Medicaid and Medicare, due to its qualifying under the Rural Health Clinic Act (RHCA).
RHIO Regional Health Information Organizations – Organized cross-jurisdictional healthcare data-sharing organizations.
RHN Rural Health Network
RN Registered Nurse
3RNet National Rural Recruitment and Retention Network
RPC Regional Program Consultant – A regional/field office employee responsible for a specific program.
RPCA Regional Primary Care Association
R&R Recruitment and Retention
RRC Rural Referral Center
RSA Rural Service Area
RTSC Recruitment Training and Support Center
SAC Service Area Competition
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS) – Has both service and educational components dealing with substance abuse and mental health.
SBHC School-Based Health Center
SBIRT Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral to Treatment
SCHIP State Children’s Health Insurance Program
Scholar A person receiving education grants from NHSC in return for a required period of service in a high-scoring HPSA.
SDC Strategic Data Committee – Serves as a resource for CCHN staff in completing the projects involving strategic data, including the SSP, Environmental Assessment, and projects specified by the Executive Committee, and also provides strategic guidance on CCHN data projects.
SDOH Social Determinants of Health or Social Drivers of Health
SEARCH Student/Resident Experiences and Rotations in Community Health
Section 330 Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act Statute
SE Service Expansion
SG Surgeon General of the United States
SLRP State Loan Repayment Program
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SORH State Offices of Rural Health
SPCA State Primary Care Association
SUD Substance Use Disorder
SWC Strategic Workforce Committee – Serves as the strategic advisory committee for all CCHN workforce programs and projects, including the workforce components of Access for All Colorado.
SWD Southwest Division (BPHC)
T/TA Training and Technical Assistance
TJC The Joint Commission; see Joint Commission/JCAHO (one of three programs offering PCMH recognition or accreditation)
THC Teaching Health Center
TQM Total Quality Management
Triple Aim Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Triple Aim – A framework that describes an approach to optimizing health system performance in three areas simultaneously: Experience of Care (improving the patient experience of care, including quality and satisfaction), Population Health (improving the health of populations), and Per Capita Cost (reducing the per capita cost of health care).
UCR Usual and Customary Rates – Those rates normally charged by health care providers for a service in a given geographical area.
UDS Uniform Data System – A uniform set of tables, data elements and definitions pertaining to the operational, financial and administrative management of the program, which programs are required to complete annually. The UDS replaced the BCRR in 1996.
UPR Uniform Progress Report
VHA Veterans Health Administration
WACH Washington Association for Community Health – the primary care association representing health centers in the state of Washington.
WIC Women, Infants, and Children Program
WYPCA Wyoming Primary Care Association – The primary care association representing health centers in the state of Wyoming.